Everybody wants “clean” labels. But, what does that mean? With no legal definition, “clean” labeling encompasses a wide-range of claims, such as natural, healthy, -free, simple, small-batch, no preservatives, no artificial colors or flavors, made from nature, made from kitchen ingredients, and pasture-raised. Underlying the “clean” … Continue Reading
The Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) recently published draft guidance articulating recommended practices to control Listeria monocytogenes (“L. mono”) in Ready-to-Eat… Continue Reading
Last month, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals revered (in part) a lower court decision finding that Dole’s “all natural” labeling was not deceptive to consumers – reviving a four-year-old litigation, Brazil v. Dole Packaged Foods LLC.
Although the decision was not a total win for consumers (and was not a published decision and therefore not binding… Continue Reading
Chase Purdy at Quartz recently published an article with the following headline: “To lure people put off by the freakiness of lab-made meat, this is what the industry wants to call it.” It got me thinking about the importance of names and narratives in the food world, and how this is not the first time we’ve wrestled with the naming and framing of a food item.… Continue Reading
Remember last month when we said to DOCUMENT EVERYTHING under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)? Well, here’s some more context for that recommendation.
For one, FSMA adds a substantial amount of documentation and record-keeping requirements for food companies that are covered by any one or more of FSMA’s new regulations. For example:
- Food facilities—those
The term “healthy” as commonly used is quite subjective—meaning different things to different types of consumers. Culturally, there are sometimes fast-changing trends about what is healthy—foods rejected by consumers a few years ago are now regaining popularity and vice versa. Nevertheless, the FDA defines “healthy” and regulates how … Continue Reading
We wrote earlier this week about the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) and what it means, from a 30,000 foot perspective, for food companies. Today we are going to dig in a little deeper to one issue that we’ve seen clients wrestle with recently.
One core FSMA requirement is a new process that requires identification and prevention of all reasonably foreseeable… Continue Reading
Today, Sept. 19, 2016, is a big day for the food industry. It is the first compliance deadline for regulations under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) – the law we’ve been talking about since 2011, the law touted as the most sweeping reform of food safety laws in more than 70 years.
So, what’s all the big fuss about?
Yes, “food facilities” (companies… Continue Reading
While you were (hopefully) lounging at the beach or hiking mountains, the FDA was hard at work in Washington D.C. churning out final rules and guidance documents that impact food companies in various, and sometimes substantial, ways.
Some of those updates were expected (e.g., Nutrition Facts updates) and some were a surprise (e.g., a finalized GRAS rule, … Continue Reading
There’s a new federal law governing GMOs, and it preempts the poorly conceived, if well-meaning, state laws that have been pushed for the past decade.
While state GMO bills have tended toward inclusion—concerns over Vermont’s GMO labeling law (when not focused on local protectionism) revolved around the ambiguity of the definition of “genetic … Continue Reading
Transparency is a hot topic in the food world these days. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently finalized an update to the nutrition facts panel for packaged foods. The U.S. Senate last week advanced a bill addressing the labeling of genetically engineered foods, which the U.S. House is expected to vote on today. A federal court in California … Continue Reading
Add this to FDA’s growing list of things to do: improve the food recall initiation process.
According to a memorandum published on June 8, 2016, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (which houses FDA) has preliminarily concluded that FDA does not have proper policies and procedures in place to effectively and… Continue Reading
If you are one of those consumers that studies food labels (I’m right there with you) or, more importantly, a packaged food supplier, be prepared: your food labels will be getting a makeover.
Some folks are feeling a little salty about last week’s turn of events in the New York City sodium labeling ordinance saga.
On May 26, 2016, a New York state appellate court lifted a temporary stay on New York City’s sodium labeling ordinance. The ordinance, passed unanimously in September 2015 by New York City’s Board of Health, requires restaurants … Continue Reading
Last year the State of California added Bisphenol A (BPA) to its list of chemicals known to cause cancer or reproductive harm under Prop 65 [the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986], a law which requires warnings for such exposures in California. The warning requirement kicked in a year later – May 11, 2016.
BPA is commonly used in plastics,… Continue Reading
A day before new sodium labeling regulations were set to take effect in New York City, a New York state appeals court granted a temporary stay, pausing the implementation and enforcement of the new requirements.
Under the regulations, New York City restaurants with fifteen or more locations nationwide would have been required to post a salt-shaker symbol … Continue Reading
On February 22, a packed room of food technologists and cereal chemists in Minneapolis heard from a panel of speakers about the hot debate surrounding GMO-labeling, an issue that is unlikely to be resolved any time soon.
What is the most vexing legal issue today facing companies that rely on independent contractors to perform essential services? Treating the engaging firm as the “joint employer” of their contractors’ workers. Joint employment legal risks extend to all companies that license their brand to independent licensees, distributors, dealers, or franchisees… Continue Reading
Crises averted in international trade usually make good economics, but unsatisfying politics. They’re a half-loaf of success in which positioning, inertia and self-interest usually win. So it is with the recent repeal of meat country of origin labeling (“COOL”) laws.
The basic story is that the 2002 and 2008 Farm Bills included COOL provisions… Continue Reading
Although many of us will share a bountiful table of food with loved ones this holiday season, there are many for whom putting food on the table is a struggle (and not just during the holidays). At the same time, 40% of food in the United States goes to waste. How do we, as a society, address these sister issues of hunger and waste?
There are lots of reasons for this waste,… Continue Reading
If you were hoping to pick up a cold one at an Indianapolis convenience store on your way to a holiday party this weekend, think again.
The Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals recently issued a decision in Indiana Petroleum Marketers & Convenience Store Association, v. Cook, holding against grocery and c-store operators looking to sell cold beer in Indiana.… Continue Reading
Oregon decided to participate in New Year’s resolutions this year. As the season becomes colder, Oregon employers will be required to follow a host of new laws passed by the state legislature that will significantly affect the workplace. These laws, which go into effect Jan. 1, 2016, pertain to all restaurants, hotels, and food and beverage companies doing… Continue Reading
If a food is labeled organic, but is not actually organic, can a consumer bring state law claims under consumer protection statutes? In California, it appears that the answer is yes.
Think of that busy mom in a grocery store, standing in front of a wall of granola bars. How does she choose which one to buy? Does she pick the all-natural chocolate peanut butter kind or the not-all-natural chocolate peanut butter kind? Does she believe that products labeled “natural” actually are natural? What does “natural” even mean? What do YOU … Continue Reading
“Natural”, “organic”, obesity, water, subsidies, pesticides, “local”, “healthy”, genetically-modified food, diabetes, menu labeling, workers’ rights, food labeling, food safety, international trade – the list of hot-button issues in food and agriculture could go on for pages. As the national conversation about food and agriculture… Continue Reading
The last few years have seen tremendous changes in the food industry, including passage of the Food Safety Modernization Act; continued criticism of the GRAS (generally recognized as safe) process; increased enforcement of and litigation about food claims and classifications and their intersection with marketing and advertising efforts; and increased… Continue Reading